For daily routine, our body needs energy, which comes mostly from carbohydrates. They are transported through the blood to the cells and converted into energy. To get glucose, cells need insulin, which is produced inside the pancreas. In case of diabetes, the pancreatic cells release an insufficient amount of insulin, thus resulting an increase of glucose in the blood and the development of diabetes.
Untreated and neglect of diabetes leads to calcification of the arteries (arteriosclerosis). This is due to hypertension, impaired blood circulation in the legs (which will cause pain during walking), myocardial infarction or stroke.
Due to hyperglycemia, also occurs damage to the small blood vessels. They are responsible for the pathological changes occurred in the eyes and kidneys. “Diabetic lesions” from nervous system (neuropathy) is manifested by disturbances of sensitivity, tingling, burning and pain in the feet and hands.
Here are some useful tips to avoid diabetes complications: